Pera Museum is proud to present an exhibition of Giorgio de Chirico, a pioneer of the metaphysical art movement and one of the most extraordinary artists of the 20th century. This part of Giorgio de Chirico: The Enigma of the World exhibition, called “New Themes and Classical Painting Technique (1930-1940)” illustrates de Chirico’s departure from Paris to move to New York.
Still Life with Knife, 1932, oil on canvas, 80 x 140 cm, Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico Collection, Rome
New Themes and Classical Painting Technique (1930-1940)
De Chirico’s heydays in Paris came to a dramatic end once the Great Depression wave of economic hardship arrived upon European shores. The Parisian art market and its seemingly incessant thirst for contemporary art at high prices all but dried up overnight. The subject-matter of the mid to late 1920s became difficult to sell, and de Chirico, encouraged by his newfound companion Isabella Pakszwer, began to look to the great masters with renewed vigour once again, with more traditional subjects and painting techniques returning to his artistic production. In search of more fertile terrain, de Chirico spent 1936-1937 living in New York. After several difficult years selling his work in Europe, the artist soon enjoyed the benefits of the favourable American art market. His return to Europe alternated in periods spent in Italy and Paris, owing to de Chirico’s disgust of the Fascist regime and their propagation of race laws.
The Turk, 1935, oil on canvas, 36,5 x 46 cm, Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico Collection, Rome
Seascape near Genova, 1933, oil on canvas, 53 x 65 cm, Fondazione Giorgio e Isa de Chirico Collection, Rome
Highlighting his various periods with examples from his earliest works to last ones, Giorgio de Chirico: The Enigma of the World exhibition took place at the Pera Museum between 24 February - 08 May 2016.
Giorgio de Chirico was born on July 10, 1888, in Volos, Greece, to an Italian family. His mother, Gemma Cervetto, was from a family of Genoa origin, but most likely she was born in Izmir. His father, Evaristo, was born on June 21, 1841 in the Büyükdere district of Istanbul.
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